Gaceta general de Europa, Assia, y America. Y una exortacion eloquente, y fervorosa con que animo a pelear a sus lucidas tropas, y esforzados soldados el invictissimo Rey de Polonia. Madrid 13. de Diziembre de 1683.
Gaceta general de Europa, Assia, y America. Y una exortacion eloquente, y fervorosa con que animo a pelear a sus lucidas tropas, y esforzados soldados el invictissimo Rey de Polonia. Madrid 13. de Diziembre de 1683.
Gaceta general de Europa, Assia, y America. Y una exortacion eloquente, y fervorosa con que animo a pelear a sus lucidas tropas, y esforzados soldados el invictissimo Rey de Polonia. Madrid 13. de Diziembre de 1683.
Early Spanish Gazette With Reference to America and the Polish–Ottoman War

Gaceta general de Europa, Assia, y America. Y una exortacion eloquente, y fervorosa con que animo a pelear a sus lucidas tropas, y esforzados soldados el invictissimo Rey de Polonia. Madrid 13. de Diziembre de 1683.

En Madrid: en la Imprenta Real: A la Calle del Carmen: Por Mateo de Llanos / Hallaràse en la Puerta del Sol en casa de Juan Martin Merinero, Librero; y an Palacio, Año 1683. First edition. In modern half cloth. Woodcut device on the title page. Ornamented with a woodcut initial and typographical headpiece. 8 p. Slightly over trimmed, affecting the page numbers. Two tiny inkblots on the second leaf, otherwise clean. In fine condition.

A scarce, early Spanish gazette, dealing chiefly with the Polish efforts against the Turks; with content related to America.

Gaceta general deals mainly with the Polish military efforts against the Turks, a topic which in these years was in the focus in an overwhelming number of publications. Nevertheless, this publication offers also a section with short news from “all over the world”, among them one of the first printed news on the 1683 Attack on Veracruz, and the death of one of the perpetrators, the Dutch pirate Nicholas van Hoorn (c. 1635–1683); the outset of the War of the Reunions (1683–84); and of the death of Louis, Count of Vermandois, the eldest surviving son of Louis XIV of France, on 18 November 1683 in Courtray.

The longest section, the conclusion of the Gaceta is the translation of the oration of the commander of the armies of the Holy Roman Empire and the Polish–Lithuanian Commonwealth, John III Sobieski of Poland, before the decisive siege against the Turks on 12 September 1683, later known as the Battle of Vienna.

Gazettes appeared in Spain in the 17th century, the first issues of Gaceta Nueva (Gaceta de Madrid) were published in 1661–2. This organ was suspended for almost two decades to reappear for another short period between 1678 and 1680 when all gazettes became prohibited in Spain by law. Despite such jurisdiction, the 1683 Gaceta general with a license at the Royal Printing Office was somehow issued, probably because it is rather a ‘relación’ an occasional account, than a gazette, a periodical newspaper.

Scarce, IB locates only one copy in institutional holding outside of the Iberian Peninsula (Notre Dame University Library, IN, USA)

IB 107570; USTC 5103843; San Román y Reyes Benítez, Madrid Hemeroteca, no. 43; 

Literature: Núñez de Prado, S.: De la Gaceta de Madrid al Boletín Oficial del Estado. In: Historia y Comunicación Social. Vol. 7 (2002). pp. 147–160.

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Price: €5,000.00

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