Czego chcemy? Komentarz do Programu Socjaldemokracji Królestwa Polskiego i Litwy. (Biblioteka Socjaldemokratyczna, XII.) [What Do We Want? A Commentary to the Program of the SDKPiL.]. Rosa Luxemburg.
Rosa Luxemburg’s Political Program

Czego chcemy? Komentarz do Programu Socjaldemokracji Królestwa Polskiego i Litwy. (Biblioteka Socjaldemokratyczna, XII.) [What Do We Want? A Commentary to the Program of the SDKPiL.]

Warszawa: Wydawnictwo Socjaldemokracji Królestwa Polskiego i Litwy, [January] 1906. First edition. In publisher’s printed wrappers. 67, (1) p. Rear wrapper sunned at lower edge. Overall in fine condition.

First edition of the key programmatic text of the Polish Social Democratic Party by Rosa Luxemburg the founder and leader of the Party.

During Luxemburg’s years as a political émigré living in Zürich from 1890 she belonged to circles of Russian, Jewish, Polish, and German socialist émigrés. There she met her later partner and lifelong political mentor Leo Jogiches, with who, in 1893, she co-founded the Socjaldemokracji Królestwa Polskiego i Litwy, the SDKPiL (Social Democracy of the Kingdom of Poland and Lithuania or Polish Social Democratic Party). In 1898 Luxemburg moved to Berlin and became involved in the German Social Democratic Party, but remained the a leading writer for the SDKPiL and published shorter and less elaborate versions of this programmatic text of the SDKPiL in “Przegląd Robotniczy” the Party’s newspaper in Switzerland (1904, No. 5. pp. 1–21.; 1905, No. 6. pp. 1–40.). In December 1905 Luxemburg secretly moved back to Warsaw to follow the development of the anti-tsarist uprising in Russia. She was impressed by the mass activities of the revolution and changed her point of view about the decisive role of conspiracy in the revolution. This was the time when this political pamphlet, the final version of the program of the SDKPiL, was published in Warsaw. In March 1906 she was arrested by the Russian police and imprisoned until September.

A very important political and historical document, with great rarity. WorldCat locates only four copies worldwide, no copies in the US.

[Not in the Dobkin Collection.]

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