[Caption title:] El maestro D. F. Payo de Ribera obispo de Goatemala, y de la Verapaz, representa al real Acuerdo destas Provincias de la Goatemala, lo que siente acerca de la execucion de la Real Cedula, que manda se tasen los Indios de fuerte, que no correspondan mas de quatrocientos a una Doctrina. Payo Enríquez de Ribera.
[Caption title:] El maestro D. F. Payo de Ribera obispo de Goatemala, y de la Verapaz, representa al real Acuerdo destas Provincias de la Goatemala, lo que siente acerca de la execucion de la Real Cedula, que manda se tasen los Indios de fuerte, que no correspondan mas de quatrocientos a una Doctrina.
[Caption title:] El maestro D. F. Payo de Ribera obispo de Goatemala, y de la Verapaz, representa al real Acuerdo destas Provincias de la Goatemala, lo que siente acerca de la execucion de la Real Cedula, que manda se tasen los Indios de fuerte, que no correspondan mas de quatrocientos a una Doctrina.
[Caption title:] El maestro D. F. Payo de Ribera obispo de Goatemala, y de la Verapaz, representa al real Acuerdo destas Provincias de la Goatemala, lo que siente acerca de la execucion de la Real Cedula, que manda se tasen los Indios de fuerte, que no correspondan mas de quatrocientos a una Doctrina.
The Second Book Printed in Guatemala

[Caption title:] El maestro D. F. Payo de Ribera obispo de Goatemala, y de la Verapaz, representa al real Acuerdo destas Provincias de la Goatemala, lo que siente acerca de la execucion de la Real Cedula, que manda se tasen los Indios de fuerte, que no correspondan mas de quatrocientos a una Doctrina.

[Guatemala (En Goatemala)]: [S.n. but José de Pineda Ibarra], [1664 (á treinta de octubre de mil y seiscientos y sesenta y quatro años)]. First edition. With a decorative, floral woodcut initial on the first page. In later leather. Title vignettes on spine. 42 p. Spine opened at the joints at the head. Binding slightly rubbed at extremities. First and last leaves with wormholes, with effect on a few letters. Some pages stained. With marginal notes, signs on the first twelve leaves in ink by a contemporary hand. Each leaf numbered, supposedly by the same hand. The last leaf slightly over-trimmed effecting the page numbers. Overall in very good condition.

First edition of the second book printed in Guatemala.

Payo Enríquez de Ribera, the author of the present book, was the one introducing printing in Guatemala thus establishing the third early center of printing in Spanish North America, and the fifth in the western hemisphere.

Fray Payo was a Spanish Augustinian friar served as the bishop of Guatemala between 1657 and 1667. Soon after taking possession of his diocese in 1659, ordered Francisco de Borja, a Franciscan friar to procure a press and a printer from Mexico. De Borja found the Mexican born printer, José de Pineda Ibarra in Puebla de los Angeles, who formerly worked for Paula de Benavides, the widow of Bernardo Calderón, and Hipólito de Ribera, the two most prominent printers of the time, and obtained a printing press which was probably the device formerly used by Juan Blanco de Alcázar, the first printer to set up a press in Puebla in the early 1640s. They were back to Guatemala with a good assortment of type in early 1660, and the first slight pieces were printed already in the fall of the same year. At this early stage of the press, only leaflets and modest booklets were produced. The first full-length book to be printed was Payo de Ribera’s monumental, more than seven hundred pages, Explicatio apologetica in 1663. The second book, the present work, also by Fray Payo, however humbler in length, was printed in 1664.

Fray Payo was a committed defender of the Indians and an advocate against slavery. This treatise, besides other issues, concerns the indigenous people and the mita-system, the compulsory public work forced on the Indians under the Spanish rule. The core of Payo’s arguments is the decrees of the Council of Trent.

Payo Enríquez de Ribera was born in 1622 in Seville, entered the Augustine order at fifteen, graduated at the University of Osuna, later taught theology there and in Burgos, Valladolid, and Alcalá. In 1657 he was appointed the Bishop of Guatemala by Pope Alexander VII. During his episcopate, he introduced printing in Guatemala, began the construction of Hospital de San Pedro, and protected the recently founded order, the Bethlehemite Brothers, the first order founded in America. In 1668 Fray Payo was transferred to the Diocese of Michoacán in New Spain, but while he was on the road to take up his new position, news reached him that he was to become, instead, the Archbishop of Mexico. He governed there from 1668 to 1681 and meanwhile in 1673 he was appointed the Viceroy of New Spain. After he resigned from both offices, he returned to Spain in 1681 and served as the President of the Council of the Indies, the administrative organ of the Spanish Empire for the Americas. Fray Payo de Ribera retired to the Monastery of Nuestra Señora del Risco and died in 1684.

Extremely scarce, we could trace only two copies in institutional holdings (JCB, Bancroft).

Ref.: Sabin 59305 and 70802; Medina Guatemala 10; Palau 266971

Bibl.: Kent, A., Lancourt, H., Daily, J. A. (ed.): Encyclopedia of Library and Information Science. Vol. 10. New York, Basel: Dekker, 1973. pp. 415–417.; Penado, J. J. V., Viejo, M. J. S.: Payo Enríquez de Ribera. Retrieved June 21, 2019, from http://dbe.rah.es/biografias/34610/payo-enriquez-de-ribera; Ward, K. C.: Printers’ Devils and Printers' Delights: The Book in Spanish America, First Presses. Guatemala la Antigua. Retrieved June 21, 2019, from https://www.brown.edu/Facilities/John_Carter_Brown_Library/exhibitions/regal/pages/presses.html

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Price: €22,000.00

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