Imposition de quatre millions sur la Colonie de S. Domingue, En exécution de Mémoire du Roi du 15 Août 1763. [Procès verbal de l'Assemblée des deux Conseils Supérieurs de la Colonie, tenue au Cap en 1764.]. Assemblée des deux Conseils Supérieurs.
Imposition de quatre millions sur la Colonie de S. Domingue, En exécution de Mémoire du Roi du 15 Août 1763. [Procès verbal de l'Assemblée des deux Conseils Supérieurs de la Colonie, tenue au Cap en 1764.]
Imposition de quatre millions sur la Colonie de S. Domingue, En exécution de Mémoire du Roi du 15 Août 1763. [Procès verbal de l'Assemblée des deux Conseils Supérieurs de la Colonie, tenue au Cap en 1764.]
A Saint-Domingue Incunable

Imposition de quatre millions sur la Colonie de S. Domingue, En exécution de Mémoire du Roi du 15 Août 1763. [Procès verbal de l'Assemblée des deux Conseils Supérieurs de la Colonie, tenue au Cap en 1764.]

Au Cap François: Chez Marie, Imprimeur-Libraire bréveté du Roi pour l’Isle S. Domingue, à l’execution de tous autres [Antoine Marie], M. DCC. LXIV [1764]. First edition. Woodcut and typographical printer's ornament on the title page. With a typographical headpiece and initial. In publisher’s blank paper, bound by sewing. (2), 90 p. Untrimmed. Contemporary inscriptions on the cover (title, date, shelfmark). Occasional underlines and corrections throughout. Binding with light brown stains. Occasional light foxing throughout. Otherwise in fine condition.

An extremely scarce copy of this very early, most likely the first book ever printed in Saint-Domingue.

Printing in Saint-Domingue origins in the second half of the 18th century. The first printer who established himself on the isle was Antoine Maria (Cabon, 1919). Marie was born in Nantes in 1730 and obtained the exclusive patent and royal privilege for printing in Saint-Domingue in 1762 (see: Brevet d’Imprimeur exclisif, 1762). He arrived on the island in late 1763 and established his printing house in Cap-François (present-day Cap-Haïtien). His first slight pieces of prints were made probably as early as January 1764. Marie’s first significant product was the initial issue of the first official journal of the colony, the Gazette de Saint-Domingue (published between February 1 and August 8, 1764), which was continued under the title Avis divers et petites affiches américaines. He continued publishing various newsmagazines and administrative prints in the following years, and soon before his death in December 1767, he opened a second printing house in Port-au-Prince in September 1767. His business was carried on for a short time by Thomin & Le Blanc, and his privilege was transferred to a new printer named Guillot on September 28, 1768 (Bulletin, 1950).

Only a very few titles are recorded by this pioneer printer and publisher of Saint-Domingue. Marie’s earliest, and actually only recorded publication in book format, from the year of the establishment of the printing shop, is the present publication, this ninety-pages book of administrative text, printed after March 12. We also possess a related title from the same year, a hitherto unrecorded book, the Complément de l’Imposition de quatre millions sur la Colonie de S. Domingue (printed after June 14, 1764).

Imposition de quatre millions sur la Colonie de S. Domingue concerns with the four million livres which the French administration imposed on the colony of Saint-Domingue, partly as a support of the costs of the colonial administration (Ghachem, 2012) and partly as an exchange for ending the military government and dissolving the colonial militia, which was on one hand a request of the ‘patriotic’ colonists and on the other a necessity of the devastated French economy after the conclusions of the Seven Years’ War and the French Indian War (Geggus-Fiering, 2009). The text is divided into two sections the first is the Procès verbal de l'Assemblée des deux Conseils supérieurs de la colonie, tenue au Cap en 1764 (pp. 1–57), and the second Plan de répartition (pp. 58–90) includes laws discussed and passed between January 30 and March 12, 1764, by the Assemblée des deux Conseils Supérieurs, relating to the trade and taxation of various colonial goods (indigo, sugar, coffee, cotton, cocoa).

Extremely scarce, we could trace only 3 copies worldwide (NYPL, JCBL, BnF).

Bibl.: Brevet d’Imprimeur exclisif à Saint-Domingue. Du 31 Décembre 1762. In: Loix et constitutions des Colonies françoises de l’Amerique sous le vent […]. Tome quatrieme. Paris: Moutart [etc]. 1785. pp. 533–534.; Bulletin of the New York Public Library. Volume 54, 1950. p. 198.; Cabon, A.: Un siècle et demi de journalisme en Haïti (1919). In: Proceedings of the American Antiquarian Society, April 1939. p. 123–124.; Geggus, D. P., Fiering, N.: The World of the Haitian Revolution. Bloomington: Indiana University Press, 2009. p. 55.; Ghachem, M. W.: The Old Regime and the Haitian Revolution. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2012. p. 94.

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Price: €16,000.00